Indice de réparabilité
France introduced a repairability index for 5 electrical products
The Environmental Code is the French law that includes many obligations regarding ecodesign, fight against waste and on the circular economy. The repairability of products fits perfectly in those environmental objectives. France has added new articles to the Environmental Code related to information for consumers about the repairability of a product.
The principles of the repairability index for electrical products are laid down in Decree 2020-1757 of 29 December 2020. There is an accompanying Order of 29 December 2020 that provides further details on the pictogram, its colours and dimensions. And details on the parameters and methods to calculate the index, on a scale from 1 to 10.
A new mandatory symbol has been introduced to show the repairability index to consumers:
The colour of the 'repair' pictogram varies with the index score, this are the 5 possible prescribed colours:
Scope and timeline
The repairability index is in force since 1 January 2021 for 5 types of household electrical products.
For each product there is a specific Orders published: mobile phones, televisions, portable computers, front-loading washing machines and 3 types of lawn-mowers (mains powered, battery powered and robots).
From 1 January 2024 there may be additional criteria for the reliability and robustness of products.
Shops shall display the repairability index symbol visibly on or nearby the products being offered for sale. Webshops (distance sellers) shall display the repairability index visibly within the (online) presentation of the product and close to the price.
Sellers shall also provide consumers with the parameters (criteria) used to establish the repairability index.
The repairability index is calculated from a combination of 5 main criteria; there are more sub-criteria (parameters).
The maximum score for each main criterion is 20, leading to a maximum sum of 100.
The final total score is then divided by 10, leading to a repairability index ranging from 1 to 10.
The following main criteria are defined in Decree 2020-1757:
- Documentation. The availability of technical documentation, instructions for use and maintenance instructions to producers, repairers and consumers;
- Disassembly. How easily the equipment may be disassembled: number of disassembly steps required for individual access to the spare parts, and characteristics of the required tools and the fastenings between the spare parts;
- Spare parts. The availability of the spare parts on the market and to the delivery times to producers, spare parts distributors, repairers and consumers;
- Price of spare parts. The ratio between the price of the parts sold by the manufacturer or importer and the price of the equipment sold by the manufacturer or importer (maximum 20);
- Product specific. Additional criteria specific to the category of equipment in question (also maximum 20).
The product specific legislation defines in much detail how the (sub)criteria should be scored and how the repairability index of the product is calculated.
An example of how Apple provides the parameter information and repairability index of their products can be found on their website: https://support.apple.com/fr-fr/circular-economy-repairability-indices.