Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive

The EU directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste (94/62/EC) deals with the problems of packaging waste and the presence of heavy metals in packaging. The directive restricts the presence of certain heavy metals in packaging (lead, cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium) with the goal of protecting the environment from hazardous substances and materials. ProductIP’s VERIFEYER service enables you to test whether your packaging meets these requirements at a low cost.

The EU Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive also requires member states to meet targets for the recovery and recycling of packaging waste. These targets are set as a percentage of the total amount of packaging flowing into the waste stream. Moreover, the directive requires registration, reporting, and recycling in each EU member state where a company is considered the producer.

Essential requirements of the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive

Packaging must meet certain requirements. For this reason, the Commission encourages the development of European standards. EU member states must ensure that packaging placed on the market complies with the essential requirements of Annex II:

  • To limit the weight and volume of packaging to a minimum in order meet the required level of safety, hygiene and acceptability for consumers;
  • To reduce the content of hazardous substances and materials in the packaging material and its components;
  • To design reusable or recoverable packaging.

Scope of the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive

The EU directive regarding packaging and packaging waste covers all packaging and packaging waste, whether it is used or released at industrial, commercial, office, shop, service, household or any other level, regardless of the material used.

Marking and identification system

The Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive also requires that the packaging of a product indicates the nature of the materials used for the packaging in order to facilitate identification and classification. The marking must be attached to the actual packaging or on its label and must be clearly visible and legible.